Cause

Though scientists are yet to discover the true cause of ADHD, following are deemed to be possible causes:

  • Genetics (hereditary factor)

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  • Tobacco/alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy

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  • Exposure to toxins as a child

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  • Brain injuries

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Source: nimh.nih.gov


Treatment

Disclaimer: The treatments and medications mentioned herein are for educational purpose only and thus are not intended to act as medical advice of any sort. Please consult your doctor in case you are looking for treatment.

 

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There is no known cure for ADHD. However, severity of the disorder can be alleviated by the following:

  • Psychotherapy or talk therapy is used to treat a variety of mentally-disturbed patients and release, through strategic conversation, their psychological and emotional burden. It can help lower the intensity of ADHD symptoms and enable the patient to function better in day-to-day life.

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  • Stimulants are common ADHD medications and increase the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which increase thinking and attention-focusing abilities. Some common stimulants are Adderall, Ritalin, and Dexedrine.

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  • Non-stimulants are prescribed to ADHD patients when stimulants aren’t enough to ease the situation or when the latter causes adverse side-effect. This category of medication offers the same cognitive benefits as stimulants but takes relatively longer to act.

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Disclaimer: The treatments and medications mentioned herein are for educational purpose only and thus are not intended to act as medical advice of any sort. Please consult your doctor in case you are looking for treatment.

 

Source: nimh.nih.gov